Sunday, 14 March 2010

Women's History Month

So, I know that I just said that it was really not doable to have a month long theme based on whatever month it was? I was mistaken. March is Women's History Month, so I'll be showing off some of the leading ladies of the past 170 years or so!

I'm also going to encourage those women who have more to help those women who have less!
Women for Afghan Women
National Breast Cancer Foundation
Birthright
CARE
Holy Family Hospital

If there are other charities that you would like to see on this list, PLEASE comment and I will add them!

And now for some famous Historical Women!

1900 Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth was an avid abolitionist and an early women's rights worker- focusing on more than just suffrage. She worked for custody/parental, employment, property, and income rights, divorce laws and birth control. She was also involved in the Temperance movement.
Susan was also involved in the Abolitionist and Temperance movements before the Civil War, and worked for women's suffrage afterward.
Together, the two friends split the Women's Rights movement by refusing to support the passage of the 14th and 15th Amendements, which opened the vote up to Black men, but still denied it to women. Many other suffragists welcomed the Amendements as one small step toward their goal.
Susan was arrested in 1872 for voting anyway.


Carrie Chapman Catt: President of the National American Woman Suffrage Organization, the new organization created in 1890 that unified the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association (the two organizations being the result of Susan and Elizabeth's disagreement with Lucy Stone about the 15th Amendement). In her second term as President, women were granted the vote. Later Carrie would work for international woman suffrage.


Frances Harper
Frances was an active Abolitionist and, later, a Prohibitionist and a voice for Black women in the Suffragist movement. She was a lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery Society and spoke at the National Women's Rights Convention in 1866. Frances was also a poet and novelist, having 9 publications in her lifetime.


Harriet Tubman "Moses" in 1899
Harriet guided at least 70 slaves to freedom during 13 missions back into the slave owning territories of the South from which she herself had escaped. Once the Civil War started, Harriet worked as a cook, a nurse, and an armed scout and spy. After the war, she worked as a suffragist. Though she carried a revolver with her on her slave rescuing missions, just in case, she never had to use it. After her death, she was buried with full military honors.


Lucretia Mott
“She is proof that it is possible for a woman to widen her sphere without deserting it.”
Lucretia is from an earlier generation than the other ladies here. She was an early abolitionist, social reformer, and worker for women's rights. Lucretia began lecturing against slavery as a Quaker minister in the 1820s and she and her husband often gave shelter to runaway slaves. in 1833 the two of them founded the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society and she spoke at the International Anti-Slavery Convention in 1840 in London. Lucretia joined with Elizabeth Stanton to organize the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention for women's rights, which was the first public women's rights convention in the US. After the Civil War, Mott was elected as the first president of the American Equal Rights Association (and worked long and hard to bring together the two warring factions of suffragists, as well as working toward the 15th Amendement herself). In 1850 she published Discourse on Woman and in 1864 helped found Swarthmore College.


Lucy Stone
"My name is Lucy Stone, nothing more. I have been called by it more than sixty years, and there is no doubt whatever about it."
If you are a woman who insists upon keeping your own last name upon marriage, congratulations, you are a Lucy Stoner! Lucy Stone was a peer of many of the above women in the suffragist movement, and went one step further in the direction of her name. In her own words, "my name is the symbol of my identity and must not be lost."


Sojourner Truth
('Hey! Didn't we JUST meet her a few weeks ago?' Yes. You did. She's also awesome. SO you get to meet her again)


Ida B. Wells
Ida was another Black Women's Rights Leader- a group which is very seldom seen or discussed (usually overshadowed by most of the previously mentioned ladies). She was also a noted journalist and newspaper editor and wrote extensively on Lynching in America, a subject very close to her, having been born into slavery. She also beat Rosa Parks by refusing to give up her seat in 1884. Her convictions, in a white run world in which plenty of whites were fighting for equal rights for blacks, that blacks should win their own freedoms by their own hard work.


1855-1865 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson
Anna was an Abolitionist, an Suffragist and the first woman to speak in front of Congress! She was also the first woman to scale Long's Peak, in Colorado, in 1873! She was also a published author, a playwrite and actress! Her sister had her incarcerated in an asylum in 1891, but Elizabeth eventually got out and sued the media that implied her insanity.


And finally: Victoria Woodhull
"Believing as I do that the prejudices which still exist in the popular mind against women in public life will soon disappear, I now announce myself as candidate for the Presidency."
Victoria was very open about her Communist beliefs, and was the first woman to run for President of the United States, even before women could vote! She ran in 1872, but was defeated by U.S. Grant. Earlier than that, she had been part of the brokerage firm Woodhull, Claflin & Co. "While others argued the equality of woman and man, I proved it by successfully engaging in business."




2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Harriat Tubman was also the first American woman to recieve a military pension, as long as you don't count those who disquised themselves as men and served secretly.

Whyte Fairy said...

Good to know! Thank you for sharing! ^_^